Essay on Punjab


Punjab is one of the most prominent states of India. It is located in the northwestern part of India. The essay on Punjab is easy for children to understand as it explains every detail about Punjab in a clear manner. The word Punjab is derived from Persian terminology where ‘Panj’ means ‘five’ and ‘ab’ means ‘river’. The state is known for the presence of five rivers, namely Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej.

Salient Features of Punjab

Geographically Punjab is in the northwest of India and bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the North and Himachal Pradesh on the west, Haryana to the South and South-East and Rajasthan to the south-west. The state shares the International Border with Pakistan to the west. Population wise it is the twelfth largest state in the country.

The staple food of Punjab is wheat, and it is an agriculture-based state. Punjab is known for its highest wheat production in India.

Cultural Heritage of Punjab

Punjab is known for its rich cultural heritage as it has been there for many years. The cultural heritage includes artistry, music, cuisine, architecture, and other varied traditions of Punjab. Punjabi culture includes the celebration of festivals like Lohri, which is celebrated to welcome the weather change. Other festivals are Baisakhi, Basant Panchami, etc.

The Punjab folk dance is world famous because of its vibrant music and the energy it carries throughout the dance. The most popular dance forms are Bhangra, Jhumar and Sammi.

Lifestyle of Punjab

Punjabis are known for their joyful nature and ever-energetic personality. They carry this to keep themselves warm in the cold weather. The people of Punjab are known as food lovers as they relish food; this is due to their hard work in agriculture and other physical jobs. On the other hand, they are known for their social service to the community.

Punjabis follow their religious customs strictly and pass these values to the next generation. They pray to their guru in a holy place known as “gurudwara” which has taught them about social service and various other traditions. The people of Punjab work hard to feed their families and do not believe in begging.


Despite having rich culture and heritage, Punjabis are known for their humble nature. They always look forward to helping people in need. Due to this, Punjab is world-famous for their service.

Frequently Asked Questions on Essay on Punjab

What is the old name of Punjab?

Punjab in the ancient Vedic period was known as the Sapta Sindhu, or land of the seven rivers. The seven rivers were the Vitsta and Vitamasa (Jhelum), Asikni (Chenab), Parusni and Iravati (Ravi), Vipasa (Beas), and the Satudri (Sutlej).

What is the state bird and animal of Punjab?

The ‘State Animal’ of Punjab is the Blackbuck, while the ‘State Bird’ is the Northern Goshawk, and it is famous for its association with the Tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh.

What is the history of Punjab?

The Indian State of Punjab was created in 1947 during the partition of India and Pakistan. The mostly Muslim region became Pakistan’s Punjab Province; the mostly Sikh eastern part became India’s Punjab state.

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