Class 10 Syllabus

Course Structure

Maths Syllabus for class 10

Three Hours Max. Marks -90

First Term (SA-I)

Units Marks
I. Number System 11
II. Algebra 23
III. Geometry 17
IV. Trigonometry 22
V. Statistics 17
Total 90

Second Term (SA-II)

Units Marks
II. Algebra (contd.) 23
III. Geometry (contd.) 17
IV. Trigonometry (contd.) 8
V. Probability 8
VI. Co-ordinate Geometry 11
VII. Mensuration 23
Total 90

First Term Units

  • Euclid’s division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic.
  • Proofs of results – irrationality of √2, √3, √5, decimal expansions of rational numbers in terms of terminating and non-terminating recurring decimals.
  • Zeros of a polynomial
  • Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials.
  • Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients.
  • Pair of linear equations in two variables and their graphical solution.
  • Geometric representation of different possibilities of solutions/inconsistency.
  • Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically – by substitution, by elimination and by cross multiplication method.
  • Problems on equations reducible to linear equations.
  • (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
  • If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.
  • If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.
  • If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.
  • If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.
  • If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse, the triangles on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other.
  • (Prove) The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares on their corresponding sides.
  • (Prove) In a right triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.
  • (Prove) In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to sum of the squares on the other two sides, the angles opposite to the first side is a right triangle.
  • Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle.
  • Proof of their existence; motivate the ratios, whichever are defined at 0° and 90°.
  • Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of 30°, 45° and 60°. Relationships between the ratios.
Proof and applications of the identity sin2A + cos2A = 1.
Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles.
Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph.

Second Term Syllabus

  • Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2+bx+c=0, (a ≠ 0).
  • Solution of quadratic equations by factorization, by completing the square and by using quadratic formula.
  • Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots.
  • Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day to day activities to be incorporated.
Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression, Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of A.P.

Tangents to a circle motivated by chords drawn from points coming closer and closer to the point.

  1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
  2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to circle are equal.


  1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally).
  2. Tangent to a circle from a point outside it.
  3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.
  1. Simple problems on heights and distances.
  2. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30°, 45°, 60°.
Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on single events.
  • The area of a circle; area of sectors and area of segments of a circle.
  • Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the above said plane figures.
  • Plane figures involving triangles, simple quadrilaterals and circle.
(i) Problems on finding surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.
(ii) Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems. (Problems with combination of not more than two different solids be taken.)

Practise This Question

If 7th and 13th terms of an AP be 34 and 64, then its 18th term is :