What is a Pyramid?
A pyramid is a structure whose outer sides are triangular and converge to a single point on the top. The base of the pyramid can be triangular, quadrilateral or in the shape of any polygon.
The most common type of a pyramid is the square pyramid i.e., it has a square base and four triangular faces.
A typical pyramid looks as follows:
What is volume?
Volume is the space enclosed by any close structure.
Calculating the volume of a rectangular pyramid:
Volume of the pyramid can be obtained using the formula given below;
Volume = (B × h)/3
Where, B = Area of the base
H = height from base to the tip of pyramid
A rectangular pyramid has a height of 12 meters. If the sides of the base measure 4 meters and 6 meters, what is the volume of the pyramid?
Solution: As, the base is a rectangle, area of the base = 4 × 6 =24 m 2
Volume of the pyramid = (B × h)/3
= (24 × 12)/3 = 288/3
= 96 m 3