What Is The Three-step Process Of The Phage Infection Cycle?

The typical infection pattern (same for all phage types) is a three-step process:

  • Phage substances bind to the exterior of the bacterium, injecting its DNA chromosome into cells
  • Phage DNA molecules are replicated typically by a particular phage enzyme coded by genes in phage chromosomes
  • New phage substances are gathered and released from a bacterium, other phage genes direct the synthesis of protein components of capsid

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