Which Of The Following Is Responsible For Peat Formation?

(a) Riccia

(b) Sphagnum

(c) Funaria

(d) Marchantia

Answer: (b) Sphagnum

Explanation –

Sphagnum is also known as peat moss or bog moss. These are perennial entities. The older parts experience death, however, they do not decompose as a result of the secretion of acid which accounts for antifungal and antibacterial actions. The rising volume of dead matter gathers year-on-year forming packs of dark-coloured mass rich in carbon which is known as peat.

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