Course Structure

Unit | Chapter / Topic | Marks |

I | Physical World and Measurement | 23 |

Chapter–1: Physical World | ||

Chapter–2: Units and Measurements | ||

II | Kinematics | |

Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line | ||

Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane | ||

III | Laws of Motion | |

Chapter–5: Laws of Motion | ||

IV | Work, Energy and Power | 17 |

Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power | ||

V | Motion of System of Particles | |

Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion | ||

VI | Gravitation | |

Chapter–8: Gravitation | ||

VII | Properties of Bulk Matter | 20 |

Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids | ||

Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids | ||

Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter | ||

VIII | Thermodynamics | |

Chapter–12: Thermodynamics | ||

IX | Kinetic Theory of Gases | |

Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory | ||

X | Oscillation & Waves | 10 |

Chapter–14: Oscillations | ||

Chapter–15: Waves | ||

Total |

Physics – scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.

Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity.Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion.Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity time and position-time graphs.

Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).

Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).

Scalar and vector quantities; Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity. Unit vector; Resolution of a vector in a plane – rectangular components. Scalar and Vector product of vectors.Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.

Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, laws of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.

Moment of inertia, radius of gyration.Values of moments of inertia, for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes). Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity.Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity.Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law, Green house effect.

Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions.Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period.

Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.

Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.

Wave motion. Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect.