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38. Consider the following statements about Ellora caves:

1. Ellora caves are one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple caves complexes in the world, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

2. The site presents monuments and artwork of Buddhism and Hinduism only.

Which of the above statements is/are correct ?



A

a) 1 only

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B

b) 2 only

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C

c) Both 1 and 2

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D
d) None
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Solution

The correct option is B

a) 1 only


a)
Ellora is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple caves complexes in the world, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Maharashtra, India. The site presents monuments and artwork of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism from the 600-1000 CE period.

The site presents monuments and artwork of Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism.

Cave 16 of Ellora features the largest single monolithic rock excavation in the world, the Kailasha temple, a chariot shaped monument dedicated to Shiva. The Kailasha temple excavation also presents the gods, goddesses and mythologies found in Vaishnavism, Shaktism and relief panels summarizing the two major Hindu Epics.

The IndraSabha (Cave 32) is a two storeyed cave with a monolithic shrine in its court.The IndraSabha Jain temple is historically significant as it contains evidence of active worship inside by the Jain community, in the form of layered deposits and textual records.

Most famous of the Buddhist caves is Cave 10, a worship hall called the 'Vishvakarma cave' (literally the cave of one who accomplishes everything, or the architect of the gods).


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