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Question

47. Consider the following statements:

i. Faxian is a Chinese travelogue who visited India.

ii. Faxian's visit to India occurred during the reign of Samudragupta.

iii. Faxian is also renowned for his pilgrimage to Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha (modern Nepal).

Which of the above statements is/are correct?



A

(a) ii and iii only

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B

(b) i and iii only

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C

(c) iii only

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D
(d) All of the above
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Solution

The correct option is B

(b) i and iii only


Ans 47. B

Explanation:Faxian visited India in the early fifth century. He is said to have walked all the way from China across icy desert and rugged mountain passes. He entered India from the northwest and reached Pataliputra. He took back with him Buddhist texts and images sacred to Buddhism.Faxian's visit to India occurred during the reign of Chandragupta II. He is also renowned for his pilgrimage to Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha (modern Nepal).On Faxian's way back to China, after a two-year stay in Ceylon, a violent storm drove his ship onto an island, probably Java. After five months there, Faxian took another ship for southern China; but, again, it was blown off course and he ended up landing at Mount Lao in what is now Shandong in northern China, 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city of Qingdao. He spent the rest of his life translating and editing the scriptures he had collected.Faxian wrote a book on his travels, filled with accounts of early Buddhism, and the geography and history of numerous countries along the Silk Roads as they were, at the turn of the 5th century CE.


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