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A concrete sphere of radius R has a cavity of radius r which is packed with sawdust. The specific gravities of concrete and sawdust are respectively 2.4 and 0.3 for this sphere to float with its entire volume submerged under water. Ratio of mass of concrete to mass of sawdust will be


  1. 8

  2. 3

  3. 4

  4. zero


Solution

The correct option is C

4


Let specific gravities of concrete and saw dust are p1 and p2 respectively. According to principle of floatation weight of whole sphere = upthrust on the sphere 43π(R3r3)p1g+43πr3p2g=43R3×1×gR3p1r3p1+r3p2=R3R3(p11)=r3(p1p2)R3r3=p1p2p11R3r3r3=p1p2p1+1p11(R3r3)p1r3p2=(1p2p11)p1p2Mass of concreteMass of saw dust=(10.32.41)×2.40.3=4

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