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Question

A convex mirror used as a rear-view mirror in a car has a radius of curvature of 3 m. If a bus is located at a distance of 5 m from this mirror, find the position of image. What is the nature of the image?

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Solution

Object distance, u=5 m (always negative)
Radius of curvature, R=3 m
Focal length, f=32=1.5 m
Using the mirror formula,
1u+1v=1f
15+1v=11.5
1v=11.515
1v=11.5+15=5+1.57.5=6.57.5v=1.15 m

For finding the magnification,
m=vu=1.155=0.23
Therefore, the image is formed on the opposite side of the object. Hence, the image is virtual and since the magnification is positive, the image is erect. The value of magnification is less than 1 the image is diminished
The nature of the image is virtual, erect, and diminished.

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