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Question

(a) Fruits are developed from ovary but in some cases other parts of the flower also contribute to fruit formation. What are these fruits called? Give examples.
(b) How are parthenocarpic fruits formed? How can this condition be induced artificially? [3] 
 


Solution

(a) These type of fruits where other parts of the flower also contribute to fruit formation are called false fruits. Examples: Apple, strawberry, cashew in which the thalamus contributes to fruit formation. [1.5] 

(b) Parthenocarpic fruits are formed without fertilization such as banana. These type of fruits are seedless. This condition can be induced through the application of growth hormones. [1.5] 

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