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Question

A liquid was mixed with ethanol and a drop of concentrated H2SO4​ was added. A compound with a fruity smell was formed. The liquid was .


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Solution

  • The liquid that was mixed with ethanol was acetic acid.
  • Acetic acid is an organic acid. Its chemical name is Ethanoic acid and its chemical formula is CH3COOH.
  • When a carboxylic acid and an alcohol react in the presence of conc. H2SO4 , an ester is formed and this reaction is called an esterification reaction.
  • Ester is a sweet-smelling organic compound and used for various purposes like in perfumes and room fresheners.

Ethanoicacid+EthanolH2SO4Ethylacetate+Water(ester)CH3COOH(l)+C2H5OH(l)H2SO4CH3COOC2H5(l)+H2O(l)


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