The correct options are
B The % by mass of carbon is minimum for CH4.
D For heavier homologous, the % of carbon by mass is higher.
The percentage of carbon by mass in methane and ethane are 75% and 85% respectively.
The percentage by mass of carbon is minimum for CH4. Hence, the option A is incorrect and the option B is correct.
For heavier homologous, the percentage of carbon by mass is higher.. Hence, the option C is correct and D is incorrect.