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Question

Among the following, identify the block mountains of India.


A

Aravali

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B

Vindhya

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C

Satpura and Vindhya

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D

None of the above

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Solution

The correct option is C

Satpura and Vindhya


Among the given ranges, option (c) Satpura and Vindhya ranges come under Black mountains.

These two ranges lie in the central-western part of India. Black mountains, also called fault black mountains are the mountains formed from the cracks/faults evolved from the earth’s crust. These faults or cracks cause one section or part of the earth to rise and others to be depressed, forming block mountains.

Vindhya Ranges

  • The Vindhyan Range lies more or less parallel to the Narmada Valley.
  • It is in the east-west direction from Jobat in Gujarat to Sasaram in the state of Bihar over a distance of 1,200 km.
  • The approximate elevation of the Vindhyan Range is around 300 to 650 m.
  • Vindhya Range comprises horizontally bedded sedimentary rocks of ancient age.
  • Bharner and Kaimur hills are the continuations of Vindhya ranges in the eastward direction.
  • The Narmada valley consists of rivers Chambal, Betwa and Ken that rise within 30 km of the valley.

Satpura Range

  • Satpura range comprises a series of seven mountains. The word Sat means seven, and Pura means mountains.
  • It moves along in an east-west direction south of the Vindhyas and between the Narmada and the Tapi, almost parallel to these rivers.
  • The stretch of the range is about a distance of 900 km.
  • Some parts of the Satpuras have been folded and upheaved. These parts are regarded as structural uplift or ‘horst’.
  • The Dhupgarh mountain is around 1,350 m near Pachmarhi on Mahadev Hills is the highest peak.
  • The Amarkantak mountain, which is around 1,127 m, is another important peak.

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