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Question

Among the following, the molecules that have same shape is :
  1. CO2 and ClO2
  2. NO2 and XeF2
  3. NO2 and ClO2
  4. ClO2 and XeF2


Solution

The correct option is C NO2 and ClO2
Steric Number (x) = 12(M + V  C+A).
where, M = number of monovalent surrounding atoms
            V = number of valence electrons on the central atom
            C = charge (with sign)
            A=charge on anion
a) CO2
Steric Number (x)=12(4+00+0).
Steric Number (x)=2.
Hybridisation =sp
Shape- linear

b) NO2 has V-shaped structure.


ClO2  has V-shaped structure.

XeF2 has linear structure.

 

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