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An economic or political crisis in a poor country can lead to a lack of faith in the country's leaders, which is often followed by violent behavior, dissent, and even revolt among specific segments of the population. In many cases, propaganda is immediately issued from media outlets that quell such reactions by downplaying the extent of the recent crisis, thereby helping to restore belief in the efficacy of the government. However, the habitual violence exhibited by certain groups of disaffected youths in their leaders, but rather is the consequence of an endemic boredom and lack of any vision of a positive future for themselves.

Which of the following statements follow most logically from the statements in the passage above?
  1. Economic and political crises do not lead to any instance of youth violence in poor countries.

  2. It is easier to quell periodic revolts in poor countries than it is to solve the habitual problem of youth violence.

  3. In all poor countries, propaganda alone cannot entirely diffuse dissent stemming from an economic and political crisis.

  4. To the extent that propaganda may help to decrease youth violence in a poor country. It is probably not the result of restoring the youths' faith in their country's leadership.


Solution

The correct option is D

To the extent that propaganda may help to decrease youth violence in a poor country. It is probably not the result of restoring the youths' faith in their country's leadership.


Option (d)

(A)While the author offers us one potential antidote to the first type of violence without making any such reference in regards to the second, that doesn't meant that there is no solution for the second type. Because something isn't mentioned, that doesn't mean it doesn't exit, so we have no way of inferring which type of violence is easier to quell.

(B)For all we know, propaganda alone may be enough to entirely diffuse dissent in some poor countries, possibly those without disaffected youth, or even those with disaffected youth who are not driven to dissent by such crises.

(C)is too extreme and distorts the argument. The author writes that economic and political crises lead to violence among "specific segments of the population,” which may include youth; the author certainly doesn't rule out the possibility. Further, because boredom and lack of vision lead to habitual youth violence, that doesn't mean that only boredom and lack of vision lead to youth violence. The two explanations aren't mutually exclusive.

(D)Is the best option. Since the author does not directly link habitual youth violence to economic or political crises, or to the decrease in faith which such crises create, propaganda probably doesn't decrease that violence by restoring faith in the country's leaders. The author specifically says that habitual youth violence is not cause by a loss of such faith, so restoring the faith probably wouldn't help matters any. It propaganda to quell habitual youth violence, then it probably does it in some other way.

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