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Question

Answer the following question based on the image given below.
_________ bacteria lives in the root nodules and the relationship it shares with the roots of the leguminous plants is called as ________.
  1. Rhizobium, beneficial relationship

  2. Lactobacillus, commensal relationship

  3. Rhizobium, symbiotic relationship

  4. Yeast, harmful relationship


Solution

The correct option is C

Rhizobium, symbiotic relationship


Leguminous plants like peas and beans have nodules in their roots and bacteria called Rhizobium live inside these nodules. These are the bacteria which convert atmospheric free nitrogen into compounds of nitrogen that can be absorbed by the plants. This type of mutual relationship where both the partners are benefited is called a symbiotic relationship.

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