Currently, the participation of women in the workforce in India is one of the lowest globally. The female labour force participation rate (LFPR) in India fell from 31.2% in 2011-2012 to 23.3% in 2017-2018. This decline has been sharper in rural areas, where the female LFPR fell by more than 11 percentage points in 2017-2018.
The various factors responsible for poor participation of women in the workforce:
Unless policymakers correctly assess and address the structural issues that keep women from entering and staying in the workforce, promising more jobs — while a welcome step is unlikely to lead to the socio-economic transformation that India currently needs.