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Question

Assertion (A): Chromosomes are responsible for the transfer of characteristics from parents to offspring.

Reason (R): Chromosomes are present in the nucleus.

A
Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
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B
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
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C
A is true but R is false.
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D
A is false but R is true.
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Solution

The correct option is B Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
Chromosomes are the thread-like structures present in the nucleus of a cell.These structures carry all the information needed by the cell to function and reproduce. They are responsible for inheritance i.e., transfer of characteristics from parents to the offspring. Hence, both the statements are correct. But the presence of chromosomes in the nucleus has nothing to do with the transfer of characteristics from parents to offsprings.

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