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Question

Assertion :A mixture of o- nitrophenol and p-nitrophenol can be separated by steam distillation. Reason: p-nitrophenol is steam volatile whereas o-nitrophenol is not steam volatile.


A
Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
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B
Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
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C
Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
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D
Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
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Solution

The correct option is C Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect

The intramolecular hydrogen bond is the bond of hydrogen with an atom with another atom of the same molecule. 
o -nitrophenol forms intra hydrogen bond while para and meta form intermolecular hydrogen bond. 

So, ortho nitrophenol is more volatile than para and meta nitrophenol. 
Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect

1483225_1633750_ans_dc86298e07394bf88b131128f16847f5.png

Chemistry

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