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Question

Assertion :Alcohol and a carboxylic acid is distinguished by sodium bicarbonate test. Reason: An aqueous solution of $$ NaHC{ O }_{ 3 } $$ produces brisk effervescence due to the evolution of $$ C{ O }_{ 2 } $$ with carboxylic acid.


A
Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
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B
Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
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C
Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
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D
Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
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Solution

The correct option is A Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
Sodium bicarbonate test:
Take a small amount of each compound in a test tube and add to it an aqueous solution of $$NaHCO_{3}$$. The compound which produces brisk effervescence due to the evolution of $$CO_{2}$$must be a carboxylic acid.

Chemistry

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