Assertion :Short wave bands are used for transmission of radio waves to a large distance Reason: Short waves are reflected by ionosphere
Shortwave radio is radio transmission using shortwave frequencies, generally 1.6–30 MHz (187.4–10.0 m), just above the medium wave AM broadcast band.
Shortwave radio has an ability to enter a state of skywave or skip propagation, in which the radio waves are reflected or refracted back to Earth from the ionsophere, as opposed to being absorbed. This is a particularly important characteristic: it allows the transmitted signal to be reflected around the curve of the Earth, thus shortwave is not line-of-sight. This allows for very long distance communications.