Question

# Assume a hypothetical nuclear fission reaction: X→Y+Z If the atomic masses of X,YandZ are respectively x,yandz calculate the maximum amount of heat generated if 1gramof X undergoes fission. Consider the molar mass of X to be M.

A
NAM×(yzx)c2units
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B
NAM×(xyz)c2units
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C
NAM×(xy+z)c2units
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D
M×(xyz)c2units
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Solution

## The correct options are B NAM×(x−y−z)c2unitsWe discussed that there is a release of energy in the nuclear fission reaction. Connect the dots using the following algorithm. Calculate the rest mass energy of the parent Calculate the total rest mass energy of the daughters(This will obviously be less than the value calculated in the first step Subtract them, this is the energy that released. This energy first is taken by the daughters in form of their energy. They are suddenly stopped in the bulk and all this kinetic energy is converted to heat. You have now heat generated in one fission reaction, calculate in 1 gram of X how many nuclei will be present. Now calculate the total heat. So, let's begin. Energyreleased= Restmassenergyofparentnucleus-totalrestmassenergyofthedaughternuclei (x−y−z)c2. Also, since the molar mass is M, in MgramofX we have NA no, of X nuclei. Hence in 1gram we will have NAM nuclei. Now, 1 nucleus releases (x−y−z)c2 amount of energy So, NAMnuclei will release, NAM×(x−y−z)c2 units of energy.

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