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Question

Chlorine replaces hydrogen from the hydrocarbons to produce various products. This type of reaction is called ______ reaction.
  1. substitution
  2. addition
  3. hydrogenation
  4. combination


Solution

The correct option is A substitution
The reaction in which one atom or a group of atoms is replaced by another atom or group of atoms is called substitution reaction. Here, hydrogen atom is replaced by chlorine atom to form a new compound.
CH4(g) + Cl2(g) sunlight−−− CH3Cl(g) + HCl(g)

This process is endothermic because energy is absorbed.  

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