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Question

Chloroacetic acid is a stronger acid than acetic acid. Give one reason.


Solution

Chloroacetic acid $$ \displaystyle Cl-CH_2-COOH$$ is strongest acid than acetic acid $$ \displaystyle CH_3-COOH$$. $$ \displaystyle -Cl$$ is electron withdrawing group. It increases the acidity of acetic acid by dispersing negative charge by inductive effect and stabilizing the acetate anion.

Chemistry

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