Question

# Compare the magnitude of the partial charge on the hydrogen atom in HCl with that of a single charge positive ion which is 4.80×10−10 esu.

A
The charge on the hydrogen atom of HCl is about one third the charge on a monopositive ion
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B
The charge on the hydrogen atom of HCl is about one-fourth the charge on a monopositive ion
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C
The charge on the hydrogen atom of HCl is about one-sixth the charge on a monopositive ion
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D
The charge on the hydrogen atom of HCl is about one-fifth the charge on a monopositive ion
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Solution

## The correct option is D The charge on the hydrogen atom of HCl is about one-sixth the charge on a monopositive ionThe charge on the hydrogen atom of HCl is about one-sixth the charge on a monopositive ion. Dipole moment=Electronic charge×Distance1.03×10−18=Electronic charge×1.27×10−8 Electronic charge=1.03×10−181.27×10−8=8.11×10−11 e.s.uThe ratio of the charge on the hydrogen atom of HCl to the charge on a monopositive ion is: 8.11×10−114.8×10−10=16

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