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Question

Consider the following statements with respect to the concept of equality.

Statement 1: Discrimination on the basis of a person's religion, caste and gender is encouraged by the Indian constitution.

Statement 2: Poverty, social discrimination and lack of resources are the key reasons why the lives of people in India are highly unequal.


A
Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false.
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B
Statement 1 is false and statement 2 is true.
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C
Both statements 1 and 2 are true.
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D
Both statements 1 and 2 are false.
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Solution

The correct option is B Statement 1 is false and statement 2 is true.
The constitution has a separate article which prohibits untouchability. Article 17 of the Indian Constitution deals with the provision relating to the abolition of untouchability. The enforcement of any disability arising out of untouchability shall be an offence punishable by law.

Poverty and social discrimination are the main reasons for inequality. Poverty would lead to denial of access to the resources. Social discrimination based on caste and gender leads to treating people without any dignity.

Civics

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