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Question

Define: (i) Hypertonic solution; (ii) Hypotonic solution, (iii) Isotonic solution.


Solution

(i) Hypertonic solution: A solution having a higher concentration of solute as compared to another solution is called hypertonic solution . In a hypertonic solution, a cell progressively loses water through exosmosis.

(ii) Hypotonic solutions: A solution having a lesser concentration of solute as compared to another solution is called hypotonic solution . In a hypotonic solution, a cell progressively gains water through endosmosis. 

(iii) Isotonic solutions: A solution having a concentration equal to that of another solution is called isotonic solution. In an isotonic solution, a cell neither gains nor loses water. 

Science
P S Verma Biology (2020, 2021)
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