CameraIcon
CameraIcon
SearchIcon
MyQuestionIcon


Question

Define molarity and molality and explain its difference?


Solution

$$Molarity$$ can be defined as the number of moles of a substance (known as the solute) that is dissolved in precisely 1 liter of a solution (solvent and solute combined).
                           $$Molarity$$ ($$M$$) = $$\dfrac{mole of solute}{Litre in solution}$$
$$Molality$$ can be defined as the number of moles of substance (known as the solute) that is found in a certain mass of solvent given in kg, that it is dissolved in.
                          $$Molality(m)$$ = $$\dfrac{moles of solute(moles)}{Mass of solvent(kilogram)}$$
Difference between $$Molarity$$ and $$Molality$$
1)  Molarity is concentration of a substance that is calculated as the number of moles of solute that is dissolved in $$1$$ liter of solution while molality is concentration of a substance that is calculated as the number of moles of solute found in $$1$$ kg of solvent.
2) The symbol for molarity is $$M$$, while that for molality is $$m$$ (sometimes written as $$–m$$ or $$m$$ to distinguish it from mass).
3) The formula for molarity is moles / liter while the formula for molality is moles / kg.
4) Molarity is affected by changes in temperature while molality is unaffected by changes in temperature.
5) Molarity is affected by changes in pressure while molality is unaffected by changes in pressure.
6) Molarity may result in an imprecise and inaccurate concentration, while molality results in an accurate precise measurement of concentration.

Chemistry

Suggest Corrections
thumbs-up
 
0


similar_icon
Similar questions
View More


similar_icon
People also searched for
View More



footer-image