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Describe Jaito Morcha.


Solution

Jaito Morcha: The word "Jaito" refers to the name of the place near the location where this event took place and the word "morcha" means a "demonstration" or "agitation". Jaito Morcha is the name given to the Akali agitation that took place in February 1924 for the restoration to his throne of Maharaja Ripudaman Singh of Nabha, a Sikh princely state in the Punjab.

The Maharaja had strong pro-Akali sympathies and had overtly supported the Guru-ka-Bagh Morcha and donned a black turban as a mark of protest against the massacre of the reformists at Nankana Sahib. His contacts with the Indian nationalist leaders and involvement in popular causes had irked the British government.

On 9 July 1923, he was forced to abdicate in favour of his minor son, Partap Singh. Although the British officials pronounced his abdication to be voluntary, the Akalis and other nationalist sections condemned it as an act of high handedness on the part of the government.

Master Tara Singh denounced the measure as equivalent to Maharaja Duleep Singh`s removal from the throne of the Punjab. The committee set up to have the Maharaja of Nabha restored to the gaddi (throne) appointed 29 July 1923 to be observed in all the principal towns of the Punjab as a day of prayer on his behalf.

History

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