Describe the meaning of public health. Discuss the major public health measures undertaken by the state in recent years to control diseases.
The science and practice of protecting and improving the health of a community, as by preventive medicine, health education, control of communicable diseases, application of sanitary measures and monitoring of environmental hazards, is called public health.
In recent years, the government has built up vast health. infrastructure equipped with trained manpower at different levels.
The following measures have been Initiated by the state in recent years to promote public health
(i) Establishing healthcare institutions
(ii) Expanding the health facilities
(iii) Expanding the facilities for medical education
(iv) Promoting preventing medicine
All these measures have helped to control diseases like smallpox, malaria, etc.