Describe the procedure to measure the diameter of a wire with the help of a screw gauge.
Measurement of diameter of wire with a screw gauge:
The wire whose thickness is to be determined is placed between the anvil and spindle end, the thimble is rotated until the wire is firmly held between the anvil and spindle. The rachet is provided to avoid excessive pressure on the wire. It prevents the spindle from further movement. The thickness of the wire could be determined from the reading as shown in the figure below.
The pitch of the screw = 1 mm
L.C. of screw gauge = 0.01 mm
Main scale reading = 2.5 mm
46th division of circular scale coincides with the base line.
Therefore, circular scale reading = 46 × 0.01 = 0.46 mm
Total reading = Main scale reading + circular scale reading
= (2.5 + 0.46) mm
= 2.96 mm