Different function of vacuole in plants and animal


The major difference between the plan and animal vacuoles is the number of vacuoles functioning in the cell. This is the animal cell that has one or more vacuoles but the plant cell contains only one vacuole. The size of the animal vacuoles is relatively smaller as compared to the plant cell vacuole. The one vacuole in the plant cells is larger in size and is capable of taking up to 90% of cell volume in some cases. Another big dissimilarity of both the vacuoles is the function. The main purpose of the vacuole observed in the plant cells is to store the water and keep up the turgidity of the cell that is necessary to keep the cell in standing position. The Vacuoles present in the animal cells contains some other things consisting of the water, ions and waste.

Key Differences
  • The size of the Plant cell is large and may contain almost 90% space of the plant cell. On the other side, the size of the animal vacuole is smaller.
  • In most of the cases, only one large central vacuole is present in the plant cells. Usually, more than one vacuole is functioning in the animal cell.
  • The structure of the Plant cell vacuole is permanent in most of the cases. In contrast, the structures of the animal vacuoles are temporary by and large.
  • You can find the plant vacuole in the center. On the other side, the animal vacuoles are distributed all over the place in the animal cell.

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