Question

# Directions:- Study the following information carefully to answer the question given below. A, B, C, D, E, G and I are seven friends who study in three different standards namely 5th, 6th and 7th such that not less than two friends study in the same standard. Each friend also has a different favourite subject namely History, Civics, English, Marathi, Hindi, Maths and Economics but not necessarily in the same order. A likes Maths and studies in the 5th standard with only one other friend who likes Marathi. I studies with two other friends. Both the friends who study with I like languages (Here, language include only Hindi, Marathi and English). D studies in the 6th standard with only one person and does not like civics. E studies with only one friend. The one who likes History does not study in 5th or 6th standard. E does not like languages. C does not like English, Hindi or Civics. Which of the following is I's favourite subject?Either English or MarathiEither English or HindiHistoryCivicsMarathi

Solution

## The correct option is C HistoryConsider the important information (Primary information) that give clear clues. (i) A likes Maths and studies in 5th standard with only one friend. (ii) D does not like Civics and studies in 6th standard. (iii) According to information, A and D do not like history as they study in 5th and 6th standards respectively. (iv) E does not like languages and studies with only one friend. (v) C does not like English. Hindi or Civics. (vi) A and D are not in the same standard. Now we consider the facts (second information) that are not given but definitely follow : (i) E, I and C cannot study in the same standard as E does not like languages and C does not like English. From here we can deduce that I, B and G study in 7th standard. Information says that A studies with one friend in 5th standard and D studies with one friend in 6th standard. Also E and I cannot study in the same standard as I's friends like languages. (ii) Friends of I, that is, B and G like languages (Marathi. English and Hindi). Definitely, I studies History because no student of 5th and 6th standards studies history. Now we can construct a Table as follows : ABCDEGISubjectHistoryXXXXXX✓CivicsXXX✓XXXEnglishXXXXXMarathiXX✓XXXXHindiXXXXXMaths✓XXXXXXEconomicsXXXX✓XXStandard5th✓X✓XXXX6thXXX✓✓XX7thX✓XXX✓✓ As we see there are four blank spaces that indicates B or G studies English or Hindi. It cannot be said definitely who (B or G) studies which languages (English or Hindi). Now, we can answer the questions of the above example:- I's favourite subject is History Hence required answer is (A).

Â Suggest corrections
Â