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Question

Discuss the use pattern of energy consumption in India. 


Solution

Consumption pattern of energy shows the percentage use of different sources (solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, biogas, and tidal power). The consumption pattern of energy changes over time.

Commercial sources of energy: Commercial energy makes up about 65% of the total energy consumed in India. It includes coal with the largest share of 55%,followed by oil at 31%,natural gas at 11% and hydro energy at 3%.

Noncommercial sources of energy: It consists of firewood, cow dung, and, waste account for more than 30% of total energy consumption. The sectorial pattern of  consumption of commercial energy shows that from 1953-54 to 1996-97,share of household sector increased from 1% to 9%; share of  industrial sector from 40% to 42% and share of transport sector decreased from 44% to 22% and others increased to 15%.

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