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Question

Disorders caused due to thyroid hormone deficiency include

A. Cretinism                      
B. Gull’s disease              
C. Grave’s disease          
D. Simple goitre



A
B &D
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B
B&C
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C
A, B, D
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D
B, C, D
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Solution

The correct option is D A, B, D
Cretinism, Gull's disease and simple goitre are all caused as a result of hypothyroidism. Cretinism is a disease in infants, and causes dwarfism and mental retardation. Gull's disease or myxoedema happens in adults, and is characterised by facial oedema and lethargy. Simple goitre results from a lack of iodine, which is an important component of the thyroid hormone.
Grave’s disease is caused due to hyperthyroidism, and the patients have exophthalmia, loss of weight and restlessness.

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