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Question

Even though most universities retain the royalties from faculty members’ inventions, the faculty members retain the royalties from books and articles they write. Therefore, faculty members should retain the royalties from the educational computer software they develop.
The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?


A
In terms of the criteria used to award royalties, educational software programs are more nearly comparable to books and articles than to inventions
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B
Royalties from inventions are higher than royalties from educational software programs.
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C
Faculty members are more likely to produce educational software programs than inventions.
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D
Inventions bring more prestige to universities that do books and articles.
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E
In the experience of most universities, educational software programs are more marketable than are books and articles.
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Solution

The correct option is C In the experience of most universities, educational software programs are more marketable than are books and articles.

The passage concludes that, where royalty retention of faculty members’ works is concerned, software should be treated as books and articles are, not as inventions are. The conclusion requires an additional premise establishing that software is, in relevant respects, more comparable to books and articles than to inventions.

E provides this kind of premise and is therefore the best answer.

A, B,C and D each describe some difference between software and inventions, or between inventions and books and articles, or between software and books and articles. However, none establishes the required relationship among inventions, software, and books and articles.


Verbal Ability

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