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Question

Explain only the electronic configuration of covalent bond formation in the structure of chlorine molecule.


Solution

Atomic number of chlorine is $$17$$ and its electronic configuration is $$2,8,7$$. To attain octet configuration, chlorine tends to gain one electron. 

However in a chlorine molecule, two atoms of chlorine are present and each require one electron to attain octet configuration. Here, both the chlorine atoms, share one-one electrons from each other and form a covalent bond to attain octet configuration.

Chemistry

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