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Question 38
Explain the solubility rule "like dissolves like" in terms of intermolecular forces that exist in solutions.
 


Solution

If the intermolecular interactions are similar in both constituents, i.e., solute and solvent then solute dissolves in the solvent. e.g., polar solutes dissolve in polar solvents and non-polar solutes in non-polar solvents.
Thus, the statement 'like dissolves like' proves to be true. e.g., non-polar organic compounds dissolve in non-polar organic solvent while polar inorganic compounds (salts) dissolve in polar solvent (water).

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