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Question

Explain why:
Acetic acid is a weaker acid as compared to formic acid.


Solution

Acetic acid has methyl group attached to carboxylic acid $$COOH$$ that shows positive inductive effect and increases the electron density on the $$C$$ of $$COOH$$ group, thereby reduces its acidity. While in formic acid i.e. $$HCOOH$$ no such electron donating group is present hence will have higher bond polarity of $$C-O$$ bond and shows greater acidity than acetic acid.

Chemistry

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