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Question

Fluorine exhibits only $$-1$$ oxidation state where as other halogens exhibit $$+1,+3,+5$$ and $$+7$$ oxidation states also. Explain.


Solution

Fluorine is the most electronegative element and cannot exhibit any positive oxidation state as it does not have d orbitals in its valence shell. Other halogens have $$d-orbitals$$ and therefore, can expand their octets and show $$+1, +3, +5$$ and $$+7$$ oxidation states also.

Chemistry

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