For diffusion or osmosis to take place in root cells, ___ is essential.
difference in solute concentration
For osmosis or diffusion to take place, always a difference in concentration between cell and its surroundings or between two regions is required.
At the roots, cells in contact with the soil actively take up ions. This creates a difference in the concentration of these ions (solute) between the root and the soil. Water, therefore, moves into the root from the soil to eliminate this difference.