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Question

Give an example of each, of two irrational numbers whose:
(i) difference is a rational number.
(ii) difference is an irrational number.
(iii) sum is a rational number.
(iv) sum is an irrational number.
(v) product is an rational number.
(vi) product is an irrational number.
(vii) quotient is a rational number.
(viii) quotient is an irrational number.
 


Solution

(i) Let  

And, so  

Therefore, andare two irrational numbers and their difference is a rational number

(ii) Let are two irrational numbers and their difference is an irrational number

Because is an irrational number

(iii) Let are two irrational numbers and their sum is a rational number

That is

(iv) Let are two irrational numbers and their sum is an irrational number 

That is

(v) Let are two irrational numbers and their product is a rational number

That is

(vi) Let are two irrational numbers and their product is an irrational number

That is

(vii) Let are two irrational numbers and their quotient is a rational number

That is

(viii) Let are two irrational numbers and their quotient is an irrational number

That is


Mathematics
RD Sharma (2017)
Standard IX

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