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Question

How does temperature ,  water and carbon dioxide affect the rate of photosynthesis?


Solution

Photosynthesis has both light dependent and independent reractions involved. 
Although the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis are not affected by changes in temperature, the light independent reactions of photosynthesis are dependent on temperature. They are reactions catalysed by enzymes. As the enzymes approach their optimum temperatures the overall rate increases. It approximately doubles for every 10 °C increase in temperature. Above the optimum temperature the rate begins to decrease, as enzymes are denatured, until it stops.

Water controls the opening and closing of stomata. The deficiency of water causes stomata to open very little or it may even remain closed. Therefore, carbon dioxide  (required as a raw material for photosynthesis) cannot enter into the leaves and thus lack of water slows down the rate of photosynthesis.

An increase in the carbon dioxide concentration increases the rate at which carbon is incorporated into carbohydrate in the light-independent reaction, and so the rate of photosynthesis generally increases until limited by another factor.

Hope this helps :)

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