How does the government ensure that everyone is treated equally?
The government of a country ensures that everyone is treated equally without discrimination based on religion, gender, social status, income, etc. This can be explained by quoting the following examples from India:
1. The government banned untouchability: People were discriminated on the basis of their caste. People from low caste were not allowed to mix with the people of high caste and were considered untouchables. Therefore, in 1949, untouchability was made punishable by law under article 17 of the constitution.
2. The government gave women, equal rights to vote in 1930. They were also encouraged to participate in the governance of the country. Today, one-third of the seats are reserved for women in the panchayat.