    Question

# If x, y, and z are three-digit positive integers and if x=y+z, is the hundreds digit of x equal to the sum of the hundreds digits of y and z?(1) The tens digit of x is equal to the sum of the tens digits of y and z.(2) The units digit of x is equal to the sum of the units digits of y and z.

A
Statement (1) alone is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient.
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B
Statement (2) alone is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient.
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C
Both statements together are sufficient, but neither statement alone is sufficient.
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D
Each statement alone is sufficient.
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E
Statements (1) and (2) together are not sufficient.
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Solution

## The correct option is B Statement (1) alone is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient.Letting x = 100a + 10b + c, y = 100p + 10q + r, and z = 100t + 10u + v, where a, b, c, p, q, r, t, u, and v are digits, determine if a = p + t. It is given that b = q + u (which implies that because if c + v > 9, then in the addition process a ten would need to be carried over to the tens column and b would be q + u + 1). Since b is a digit, . Hence, , and so . Therefore, in the addition process, there are no hundreds to carry over from the tens column to the hundreds column, so a = p + t; SUFFICIENT. It is given that c = r + v. If x = 687, y = 231, and z = 456, then, y + z = 231 + 456 = 687 = x, r + v = 1 + 6 = 7 = c, and p + t = 2 + 4 = 6 = a. On the other hand, if x = 637, y = 392, and z = 245, then y + z = 392 + 245 = 637 = x, r + v = 2 + 5 = 7 = c, and ; NOT sufficient. The correct answer is A; statement 1 alone is sufficient.  Suggest Corrections  0      Similar questions  Related Videos   Arithmetic Progression
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