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Question

In a crystal, the atoms are located at the position of


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Solution

Position of atoms in a crystal:

  • There exist an equilibrium between attractive and repulsive forces between the atoms to make the atom more stable.
  • This happens only when the potential energy is minimum.
  • So, when two atoms approach each other, the potential energy gradually decreases and reaches a minimum value then sharply increases.
  • Hence In a crystal, the atoms are located at the position of minimum potential energy.

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