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Question

In a simple harmonic motion
(a) the potential energy is always equal to the kinetic energy
(b) the potential energy is never equal to the kinetic energy
(c) the average potential energy in any time interval is equal to the average kinetic energy in that time interval
(d) the average potential energy in one time period is equal to the average kinetic energy in this period.


Solution

(d) the average potential energy in one time period is equal to the average kinetic energy in this period.

The kinetic energy of the motion is given as,
12kA2 cos2 ωt 

The potential energy is calculated as,
12kA2 sin2 ωt

As the average of the cosine and the sine function is equal to each other over the total time period of the functions, the average potential energy in one time period is equal to the average kinetic energy in this period.

Physics
HC Verma - I
Standard XI

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