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# In an examination, 20 questions of true-false type are asked. Suppose a student tosses a fair coin to determine his answer to each question. If the coin falls heads, he answers 'true', if it falls tails, he answers 'false'. Find the probability that he answers at least 12 questions correctly.

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Solution

## Let X represent the number of correctly answered questions out of 20 questions.The repeated tosses of a coin are Bernoulli trails. Since "head" on a coin represent the true answer and "tail" represents the false answer, the correctly answered questions are Bernoulli trials.∴p=12∴q=1−p=1−12=12X has a binomial distribution with n=20 and p=12∴P(X=x)=nCxqn−xpx, where x=0,1,2,....n=20Cx(12)20−x⋅(12)x=20Cx(12)20P( at least 12 questions answered correctly ) = P(X≥12)=P(X=12)+P(X=13)+...+P(X=20)=20C12(12)20+20C13(12)20+...+20C20(12)20=(12)20⋅[20C12+20C13+...+20C20]  Suggest Corrections  0      Similar questions  Related Videos   Events
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