In the commercial electrochemical process for Aluminium extraction, the electrolyte used is:
A molten mixture of Al2O3 & Na3AlF6
In the electrolytic extraction of Aluminium, purified alumina is mixed with Na3AlF6 and CaF2. Cryolite (Na3AlF6) helps dissolve Alumina and lowers the melting point of this mix to about 1050 ∘C. Pure Alumina melts at about 2100 ∘C. CaF2 is added to enhance the conductivity.
As shown in the above image, the surface on the inside of the steel case is coated with a graphite lining, which acts as the cathode. The electrolyte is a molten mixture of cryolite, molten Alumina and CaF2.